Suppose that one observes a process Y on the unit interval, where dY(t) =n1/2 f(t)dt +dW (t) with an unknown function parameter f, given scale parameter n <=1 ("sample size") and standard Brownian motion W. We propose two classes of tests of qualitative nonparametric hypotheses about f such as monotonicity or concavity. These tests are asymptotically optimal and adaptive in a certain sense. They are constructed via a new class of multiscale statistics and an extension of Lévy's modulus of continuity of Brownian motion.
"Multiscale Testing of Qualitative Hypotheses." Ann. Statist. 29 (1) 124 - 152, February 2001. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/996986504