The paper develops a class of extensions of the univariate quantile function to the multivariate case (M-quantiles), related in a certain way to M-parameters of a probability distribution and their M-estimators. The spatial (geometric) quantiles, recently introduced by Koltchinskii and Dudley and by Chaudhuri as well as the regression quantiles of Koenker and Basset, are the examples of the M-quantile function discussed in the paper. We study the main properties of M-quantiles and develop the asymptotic theory of empirical M-quantiles. We useM-quantiles to extend L-parameters and L-estimators to the multivariate case; to introduce a bootstrap test for spherical symmetry of a multivariate distribution, and to extend the notion of regression quantiles to multiresponse linear regression models.
"M-estimation, convexity and quantiles." Ann. Statist. 25 (2) 435 - 477, April 1997. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1031833659