Open Access
Translator Disclaimer
June, 1993 Contrasts under Long-Range Correlations
H. Kunsch, J. Beran, F. Hampel
Ann. Statist. 21(2): 943-964 (June, 1993). DOI: 10.1214/aos/1176349159


The background of the paper is the empirical observation from a variety of subject areas that long-range correlations appear to be much more frequent than has been previously assumed. This includes high-quality measurement series which are commonly treated as prototypes of "i.i.d." observations. Evidence is briefly cited in the paper. It has already been shown elsewhere that long-range dependence leads to results that can be qualitatively different from those obtained under short-range dependence, and in particular, that long-range dependence has drastic effects on the naive statistical treatment of absolute constants. The natural question arising from this, also of relevance for statistical practice, is how the long-range dependence affects the statistics for contrasts. The main answer given in this paper is twofold. (i) If the experimental conditions are well mixed as provided by randomization, the levels of tests and confidence intervals derived under the independence assumption are still correct, asymptotically and usually in good approximation for finite samples. (ii) Even under randomly mixed designs there are typically large unnoticed power and efficiency losses due to the long-range dependence. They can be greatly reduced without estimating the correlations by a simple blocking device.


Download Citation

H. Kunsch. J. Beran. F. Hampel. "Contrasts under Long-Range Correlations." Ann. Statist. 21 (2) 943 - 964, June, 1993.


Published: June, 1993
First available in Project Euclid: 12 April 2007

zbMATH: 0795.62077
MathSciNet: MR1232527
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/aos/1176349159

Primary: 62M10
Secondary: 62F35, 62J10, 62M99

Rights: Copyright © 1993 Institute of Mathematical Statistics


Vol.21 • No. 2 • June, 1993
Back to Top