The symbiotic branching model is a spatial population model describing the dynamics of two interacting types that can only branch if both types are present. A classical result for the underlying stochastic partial differential equation identifies moments of the solution via a duality to a system of Brownian motions with dynamically changing colors. In this paper, we revisit this duality and give it a new interpretation. This new approach allows us to extend the duality to the limit as the branching rate $\gamma$ is sent to infinity. This limit is particularly interesting since it captures the large scale behavior of the system. As an application of the duality, we can explicitly identify the $\gamma=\infty$ limit when the driving noises are perfectly negatively correlated. The limit is a system of annihilating Brownian motions with a drift that depends on the initial imbalance between the types.
"A new look at duality for the symbiotic branching model." Ann. Probab. 46 (5) 2800 - 2862, September 2018. https://doi.org/10.1214/17-AOP1240