We prove general invariance principles for integral functions of the empirical process. As corollaries we derive probabilistic proofs of the sufficiency criteria for a distribution to belong to the domain of attraction of the normal and stable laws with index $0 < \alpha < 2$. In the process we obtain equivalent statements of these criteria in terms of the tail behaviour of the underlying quantile function. We also give a representation of any stable random variable with index $0 < \alpha < 2$ in terms of a linear combination of two independent and identically distributed Poisson integrals. The role of a fixed number of extreme terms is exactly determined.
Miklos Csorgo. Sandor Csorgo. Lajos Horvath. David M. Mason. "Normal and Stable Convergence of Integral Functions of the Empirical Distribution Function." Ann. Probab. 14 (1) 86 - 118, January, 1986. https://doi.org/10.1214/aop/1176992618