In time series analysis there are two lines of approach, here called the functional and the stochastic. In the former case, the given time series is interpreted as a mathematical function, in the latter case as a random specimen out of a universe of mathematical functions. The close relation between the two approaches is in section 2 shown to amount to a genuine isomorphism. Considering the problem of prediction from this viewpoint, the author gives in sections 3-4 the functional equivalence of his earlier theorem on the decomposition of a stationary stochastic process with a discrete time parameter (see , theorem 7). In section 5 the decomposition theorem is applied to the problem of linear prediction. Finally in section 6 a few comments are made. Since various aspects of the isomorphism in question are known, this paper might be regarded as essentially expository.
"On Prediction in Stationary Time Series." Ann. Math. Statist. 19 (4) 558 - 567, December, 1948. https://doi.org/10.1214/aoms/1177730151