Open Access
August 1997 Approximating a line thrown at random onto a grid
Peter Hall, Marc Raimondo
Ann. Appl. Probab. 7(3): 648-665 (August 1997). DOI: 10.1214/aoap/1034801247


Throw a straight line at random into a plane, within which is inscribed a square grid. Color black each grid vertex that lies above the line, and white each vertex below it. Now remove the line, and attempt to reconstruct it from the pattern of vertex colors in an $m \times m$ section of the grid. We show that for all $\varepsilon > 0$, the line can be approximated to within order $m^{-1}(\log m)(\log \log m)^{1+\varepsilon}$, with probability 1, and that there is no deterministic subsequence along which the best achievable rate is better than $(m \log m)^{-1}(\log \log m)^{-1-\varepsilon}$ with positive probability. Both these results fail if $\varepsilon = 0$. More generally, we provide a complete characterization of almost sure rates of approximation, in terms of the convergence or divergence of an infinite series. Applying these results, we develop near-optimal local linear approximations to general smooth boundaries. We address the case where vertex color is a shade of gray, varying in the continuum and subject to stochastic error.


Download Citation

Peter Hall. Marc Raimondo. "Approximating a line thrown at random onto a grid." Ann. Appl. Probab. 7 (3) 648 - 665, August 1997.


Published: August 1997
First available in Project Euclid: 16 October 2002

zbMATH: 0894.60040
MathSciNet: MR1459264
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/aoap/1034801247

Primary: 60G35
Secondary: 62G20

Keywords: Digital image , gradient , grid , irrational number , local linear , rational number , slope , vertex

Rights: Copyright © 1997 Institute of Mathematical Statistics

Vol.7 • No. 3 • August 1997
Back to Top