In this paper we analyze the following loss network: When a customer arrives at a node of the network, it is served by this node if the node is not occupied; otherwise it is transmitted to some empty node where it will be served at a different rate. For the simplest systems of this type with a very large number of nodes and with global sharing, we show the existence of second order phase transitions and present explicit formulas for probability characteristics. For local sharing, we study the case of an infinite network and present some convergence results. Formulas for small and large loads are obtained.
"Phase Transition in a Load Sharing Loss Model." Ann. Appl. Probab. 4 (4) 1161 - 1176, November, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1214/aoap/1177004909