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We construct an approximation to field theories on the noncommutative torus based on soliton projections and partial isometries which together form a matrix algebra of functions on the sum of two circles. The matrix quantum mechanics is applied to the perturbative dynamics of scalar field theory, to tachyon dynamics in string field theory, and to the Hamiltonian dynamics of noncommutative gauge theory in two dimensions. We also describe the adiabatic dynamics of solitons on the noncommutative torus and compare various classes of noncommutative solitons on the torus and the plane.
We give a definition of mass for conformally compactifiable initial data sets. The asymptotic conditions are compatible with existence of gravitational radiation, and the compactifications are allowed to be polyhomogeneous. We show that the resulting mass is a geometric invariant, and we prove positivity thereof in the case of a spherical conformal infinity. When R(g) -- or, equivalently, trgK -- tends to a negative constant to order one at infinity, the definition is expressed purely in terms of three-dimensional or two-dimensional objects.
We consider the effective superpotentials of N; = 1 SU(Nc) and U(Nc) supersymmetric gauge theories that are obtained from the N = 2 theory by adding a tree-level superpotential. We show that several of the techniques for computing the effective superpotential are implicitly regularized by 2Nc massive chiral multiplets in the fundamental representation, i.e. the gauge theory is embedded in the finite theory with nontrivial UV fixed point. In the maximally confining phase we obtain explicit general formulae for the effective superpotential, which reduce to previously known results in particular cases. In order to study N = 1 and N = 2 theories with fundamentals, we explicitly factorize the Seiberg-Witten curve for 0 ≤ Nf < 2Nc and use the results to rederive the N = 1 superpotential. N = 2 gauge theories have an underlying integrable structure, and we obtain results on a new Lax matrix for Nf = Nc .
A link between matroid theory and p-branes is discussed. The Schild type action for p-branes and matroid bundle notion provide the two central structures for such a link. We use such a connection to bring the duality concept in matroid theory to p-branes physics. Our analysis may be of particular interest in M-theory and in matroid bundle theory.
The double triangle algebra (DTA) associated to an ADE graph is considered. A description of its bialgebra structure based on a reconstruction approach is given. This approach takes as initial data the representation theory of the DTA as given by Ocneanu's cell calculus. It is also proved that the resulting DTA has the structure of a weak *-Hopf algebra. As an illustrative example, the case of the graph A3 isdescribed in detail.