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We consider the problem of two fluids flow through a porous medium governed by a nonlinear law. We prove the existence of a weak solution, establish the local Lipschitz continuity of this solution in the zone above the lower fluid, and prove the continuity of the upper free boundary. In the rectangular case, we prove the existence of a monotone solution with respect to the vertical variable, and the continuity of the lower free boundary. Finally, we prove the uniqueness of a monotone solution with respect to $x$ and $y$, when the dam is rectangular and the flow is governed by the linear Darcy law.
We study the exact controllability for the magnetohydrodynamic equations in multi-connected bounded domains. We show that the value of any solution of the magnetohydrodynamic system at any given time is locally exactly controllable provided that this solution is smooth enough. This means that the chosen value of such a solution can be reached by starting from initial states which are sufficiently close to the initial value of the solution and by acting with controls distributed in a given small subdomain. So, a previous controllability result for the magnetohydrodynamic equations is improved in several directions. Our treatment reduces the local controllability for the magnetohydrodynamic equations to the global controllability for their linearizations by means of an infinite-dimensional variant of the local inversion theorem. The proof of the global controllability relies on a Carleman-type estimate for the adjoint linearized equations.
We exhibit a series of examples of Palais-Smale sequences for the Dirichlet problem associated to the mean curvature equation with null boundary condition, and we show that in the case of nonconstant mean curvature functions different kinds of blow up phenomena appear and Palais-Smale sequences may have quite wild behaviour.