Tokyo Journal of Mathematics

Operator Semi-Selfdecomposability, $(C,Q)$-Decomposability and Related Nested Classes

Makoto MAEJIMA, Ken-iti SATO, and Toshiro WATANABE

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There are two types of generalizations of selfdecomposability of probability measures on $\mathbf{R}^d, d\geq 1$ : the $c$-decomposability and the $C$-decomposability of Loève and Bunge on the one hand, and the semi-selfdecomposability of Maejima and Naito on the other. The latter implies infinite divisibility but the former does not in general. For $d\geq 2$ introduction of operator (matrix) normalizations yields four kinds of classes of distributions on $\mathbf{R}^d : L_{0}(b,Q),\tilde{L}_{0}(b,Q),L_{0}(C,Q)$, and $\tilde{L}_{0}(C,Q)$, where $0<b<1$, $Q$ is a $d\times d$ matrix with eigenvalues having positive real parts, and $C$ is a closed multiplicative subsemigroup of $[0,1]$ containing 0 and 1. Further, each of these classes generates the Urbanik-Sato type decreasing sequence of its subclasses. Characterizations and relations of these classes and subclasses are established. They complement and generalize results of Bunge, Jurek, Maejima and Naito, and Sato and Yamazato.

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Tokyo J. Math., Volume 22, Number 2 (1999), 473-509.

First available in Project Euclid: 31 March 2010

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MAEJIMA, Makoto; SATO, Ken-iti; WATANABE, Toshiro. Operator Semi-Selfdecomposability, $(C,Q)$-Decomposability and Related Nested Classes. Tokyo J. Math. 22 (1999), no. 2, 473--509. doi:10.3836/tjm/1270041450.

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