Journal of Physical Mathematics

A Viscosity Hypothesis – That the Presence or Absence of Viscosity Separates Relativistic and Quantum Systems Based on the Simplest Possible Theory of Everything

Lawrence M

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A simple framework for our universe in which the basic constituents act as a background upon which actions by composite particles, composed of those same constituents in motion, act and whose presence or absence from volumes give rise respectively to relativistic and quantum systems. Where the background exists, all composite particles experience energy loss in motion due to viscosity and a maximum velocity and where the background does not exist, there is no energy loss in motion and no maximum velocity. The framework is based on the simple premises of the one size of fundamental building block, the meon, two types of energy, one composite loop form of particle and only three dimensions. Composite loops formed from the unit meon building blocks during different inflation events produce different sizes of fermions, nucleons and atoms, but produce a type of universe with symmetries similar to ours as the inevitable outcome of a successful inflation event. The rate of expansion after a big bang is a function of the size of the electron formed during inflation and that size defines whether the expansion will eventually succeed or fail.

Key paradoxes are shown not to be paradoxes. This framework explains what energy and inertia are, how positive-only mass arises, spin units of ½ h, electrons with 720° of rotation, charge unit sizes, why particles have internal magnetic moments, the second law of thermodynamics and the arrow of time, where there is a maximum speed for particles, why stable states exist, why tired light may reduce the need for dark energy or the size of the universe, why there is no matter/anti-matter imbalance, what dark matter is likely to be, the physical reality underlying zero point energy, why physics fails nowhere and why there is only one universe with threefold symmetry within our nucleons.

Article information

J. Phys. Math., Volume 7, Number 3 (2016), 25 pages.

First available in Project Euclid: 6 September 2017

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universe, quantum mechanics; quantum mechanics inflation expansion black hole symmetry loops stacks chain star meon lepton anomalous magnetic moment quark electron viscosity dark matter Theory of Everything dark energy arrow of time second law of thermodynamics viscosity redshift prequark steady state


M, Lawrence. A Viscosity Hypothesis – That the Presence or Absence of Viscosity Separates Relativistic and Quantum Systems Based on the Simplest Possible Theory of Everything. J. Phys. Math. 7 (2016), no. 3, 25 pages. doi:10.4172/2090-0902.1000200.

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