Differential and Integral Equations

Multiple solutions for critical elliptic systems via penalization method

Abstract

We consider the system $$\begin{cases} -\varepsilon^{2} \Delta u +W(x)u=Q_{u}(u,v)+ \frac{1}{2^*}K_u(u,v)~\text{in } \mathbb{R}^N, \\ -\varepsilon^{2} \Delta v +V(x)v=Q_{v}(u,v)+ \frac{1}{2^*}K_v(u,v)~\text{in } \mathbb{R}^N, \\ u,v \in H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^N),u(x),v(x)>0~~\text{for each } x \in \mathbb{R}^N, \end{cases}$$ where $2^*=2N/(N-2)$, $N \geq 3$, $\varepsilon>0$ is a parameter, $W$ and $V$ are positive potentials, and $Q$ and $K$ are homogeneous function with $K$ having critical growth. We relate the number of solutions to the topology of the set where $W$ and $V$ attain their minimum values. In the proof, we apply Ljusternik-Schnirelmann theory.

Article information

Source
Differential Integral Equations, Volume 23, Number 7/8 (2010), 703-723.

Dates
First available in Project Euclid: 20 December 2012