The Annals of Statistics

Oracle inequalities for sparse additive quantile regression in reproducing kernel Hilbert space

Shaogao Lv, Huazhen Lin, Heng Lian, and Jian Huang

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This paper considers the estimation of the sparse additive quantile regression (SAQR) in high-dimensional settings. Given the nonsmooth nature of the quantile loss function and the nonparametric complexities of the component function estimation, it is challenging to analyze the theoretical properties of ultrahigh-dimensional SAQR. We propose a regularized learning approach with a two-fold Lasso-type regularization in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) for SAQR. We establish nonasymptotic oracle inequalities for the excess risk of the proposed estimator without any coherent conditions. If additional assumptions including an extension of the restricted eigenvalue condition are satisfied, the proposed method enjoys sharp oracle rates without the light tail requirement. In particular, the proposed estimator achieves the minimax lower bounds established for sparse additive mean regression. As a by-product, we also establish the concentration inequality for estimating the population mean when the general Lipschitz loss is involved. The practical effectiveness of the new method is demonstrated by competitive numerical results.

Article information

Ann. Statist., Volume 46, Number 2 (2018), 781-813.

Received: February 2016
Revised: January 2017
First available in Project Euclid: 3 April 2018

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 62G20: Asymptotic properties
Secondary: 62G05: Estimation

Quantile regression additive models sparsity regularization methods reproducing kernel Hilbert space


Lv, Shaogao; Lin, Huazhen; Lian, Heng; Huang, Jian. Oracle inequalities for sparse additive quantile regression in reproducing kernel Hilbert space. Ann. Statist. 46 (2018), no. 2, 781--813. doi:10.1214/17-AOS1567.

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Supplemental materials

  • Supplement to “Oracle inequalities for sparse additive quantile regression in reproducing kernel Hilbert space”. To highlight the nature and usefulness of Assumptions 3–4, we state some simple sufficient conditions to verify them respectively in the Supplementary Material. Besides, due to space limitation, we also give the proofs of Theorem 1 and Lemma 2 in the Supplementary Material.