The Annals of Statistics

Asymptotic properties of bridge estimators in sparse high-dimensional regression models

Jian Huang, Joel L. Horowitz, and Shuangge Ma

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We study the asymptotic properties of bridge estimators in sparse, high-dimensional, linear regression models when the number of covariates may increase to infinity with the sample size. We are particularly interested in the use of bridge estimators to distinguish between covariates whose coefficients are zero and covariates whose coefficients are nonzero. We show that under appropriate conditions, bridge estimators correctly select covariates with nonzero coefficients with probability converging to one and that the estimators of nonzero coefficients have the same asymptotic distribution that they would have if the zero coefficients were known in advance. Thus, bridge estimators have an oracle property in the sense of Fan and Li [J. Amer. Statist. Assoc. 96 (2001) 1348–1360] and Fan and Peng [Ann. Statist. 32 (2004) 928–961]. In general, the oracle property holds only if the number of covariates is smaller than the sample size. However, under a partial orthogonality condition in which the covariates of the zero coefficients are uncorrelated or weakly correlated with the covariates of nonzero coefficients, we show that marginal bridge estimators can correctly distinguish between covariates with nonzero and zero coefficients with probability converging to one even when the number of covariates is greater than the sample size.

Article information

Ann. Statist., Volume 36, Number 2 (2008), 587-613.

First available in Project Euclid: 13 March 2008

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Mathematical Reviews number (MathSciNet)

Zentralblatt MATH identifier

Primary: 62J05: Linear regression 62J07: Ridge regression; shrinkage estimators
Secondary: 62E20: Asymptotic distribution theory 60F05: Central limit and other weak theorems

Penalized regression high-dimensional data variable selection asymptotic normality oracle property


Huang, Jian; Horowitz, Joel L.; Ma, Shuangge. Asymptotic properties of bridge estimators in sparse high-dimensional regression models. Ann. Statist. 36 (2008), no. 2, 587--613. doi:10.1214/009053607000000875.

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