These are the lecture notes based on earlier papers with some additional new results. New and simple proofs are given for local freeness theorem and the semipositivity theorem. A decomposition theorem for higher direct images of dualizing sheaves of Kollár is extended to the sheaves of differential forms of arbitrary degrees in the case of a well prepared birational model. We will also prove the log versions of some of the results, i.e., the case where we allow horizontal boundary components.
Digital Object Identifier: 10.2969/aspm/06510027