Ewens’s sampling formula exemplifies the harmony of mathematical theory, statistical application, and scientific discovery. The formula not only contributes to the foundations of evolutionary molecular genetics, the neutral theory of biodiversity, Bayesian nonparametrics, combinatorial stochastic processes, and inductive inference but also emerges from fundamental concepts in probability theory, algebra, and number theory. With an emphasis on its far-reaching influence throughout statistics and probability, we highlight these and many other consequences of Ewens’s seminal discovery.
"The Ubiquitous Ewens Sampling Formula." Statist. Sci. 31 (1) 1 - 19, February 2016. https://doi.org/10.1214/15-STS529