This is an invited contribution to the discussion on Professor Deborah Mayo’s paper, “On the Birnbaum argument for the strong likelihood principle,” to appear in Statistical Science. Mayo clearly demonstrates that statistical methods violating the likelihood principle need not violate either the sufficiency or conditionality principle, thus refuting Birnbaum’s claim. With the constraints of Birnbaum’s theorem lifted, we revisit the foundations of statistical inference, focusing on some new foundational principles, the inferential model framework, and connections with sufficiency and conditioning.
"Discussion: Foundations of Statistical Inference, Revisited." Statist. Sci. 29 (2) 247 - 251, May 2014. https://doi.org/10.1214/14-STS472