Research funding and reputation in the UK have, for over two decades, been increasingly dependent on a regular peer-review of all UK departments. This is to move to a system more based on bibliometrics. Assessment exercises of this kind influence the behavior of institutions, departments and individuals, and therefore bibliometrics will have effects beyond simple measurement.
"Comment: Bibliometrics in the Context of the UK Research Assessment Exercise." Statist. Sci. 24 (1) 15 - 16, February 2009. https://doi.org/10.1214/09-STS285A