A traffic performance measurement system, PeMS, currently functions as a statewide repository for traffic data gathered by thousands of automatic sensors. It has integrated data collection, processing and communications infrastructure with data storage and analytical tools. In this paper, we discuss statistical issues that have emerged as we attempt to process a data stream of 2 GB per day of wildly varying quality. In particular, we focus on detecting sensor malfunction, imputation of missing or bad data, estimation of velocity and forecasting of travel times on freeway networks.
"Measuring Traffic." Statist. Sci. 22 (4) 581 - 597, November 2007. https://doi.org/10.1214/07-STS238