In this paper, we prove the asymptotic stability of the family of solitons of the Benjamin-Ono equation in the energy space. The proof is based on a Liouville property for solutions close to the solitons for this equation, in the spirit of [Martel, Y. and Merle, F.: Asymptotic stability of solitons for subcritical generalized KdV equations. Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 157 (2001), 219-254], [Martel, Y. and Merle, F.: Asymptotic stability of solitons of the gKdV equations with a general nonlinearity. Math. Ann. 341 (2008), 391-427]. As a corollary of the proofs, we obtain the asymptotic stability of exact multi-solitons.
"Asymptotic stability of solitons for the Benjamin-Ono equation." Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana 25 (3) 909 - 970, October, 2009.