Open Access
Translator Disclaimer
2018 The Bethe ansatz for the six-vertex and XXZ models: An exposition
Hugo Duminil-Copin, Maxime Gagnebin, Matan Harel, Ioan Manolescu, Vincent Tassion
Probab. Surveys 15: 102-130 (2018). DOI: 10.1214/17-PS292


In this paper, we review a few known facts on the coordinate Bethe ansatz. We present a detailed construction of the Bethe ansatz vector $\psi $ and energy $\Lambda $, which satisfy $V\psi =\Lambda \psi $, where $V$ is the transfer matrix of the six-vertex model on a finite square lattice with periodic boundary conditions for weights $a=b=1$ and $c>0$. We also show that the same vector $\psi $ satisfies $H\psi =E\psi $, where $H$ is the Hamiltonian of the XXZ model (which is the model for which the Bethe ansatz was first developed), with a value $E$ computed explicitly.

Variants of this approach have become central techniques for the study of exactly solvable statistical mechanics models in both the physics and mathematics communities. Our aim in this paper is to provide a pedagogically-minded exposition of this construction, aimed at a mathematical audience. It also provides the opportunity to introduce the notation and framework which will be used in a subsequent paper by the authors [5] that amounts to proving that the random-cluster model on $\mathbb{Z}^{2}$ with cluster weight $q>4$ exhibits a first-order phase transition.


Download Citation

Hugo Duminil-Copin. Maxime Gagnebin. Matan Harel. Ioan Manolescu. Vincent Tassion. "The Bethe ansatz for the six-vertex and XXZ models: An exposition." Probab. Surveys 15 102 - 130, 2018.


Received: 1 October 2017; Published: 2018
First available in Project Euclid: 15 March 2018

zbMATH: 06864439
MathSciNet: MR3775121
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1214/17-PS292

Primary: 60K35 , 82B20 , 82B23 , 82B26

Keywords: Bethe ansatz , Six vertex model , Transfer matrix , XXZ model


Vol.15 • 2018
Back to Top