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We consider the complexity of the isomorphism relation on countable first-order structures with transitive automorphism groups. We use the theory of Borel reducibility of equivalence relations to show that the isomorphism problem for vertex-transitive graphs is as complicated as the isomorphism problem for arbitrary graphs and determine for which first-order languages the isomorphism problem for transitive countable structures is as complicated as it is for arbitrary countable structures. We then use these results to characterize the complexity of the isometry relation for certain classes of homogeneous and ultrahomogeneous metric spaces.
A sequent calculus for the positive fragment of entailment together with the Church constants is introduced here. The single cut rule is admissible in this consecution calculus. A topological dual gaggle semantics is developed for the logic. The category of the topological structures for the logic with frame morphisms is proven to be the dual category of the variety, that is defined by the equations of the algebra of the logic, with homomorphisms. The duality results are extended to the logic of entailment that includes a De Morgan negation.
In the ordered Abelian group of reals with the integers as a distinguished subgroup, the projection of a finite intersection of generalized halfspaces is a finite intersection of generalized halfspaces. The result is uniform in the integer coefficients and moduli of the initial generalized halfspaces.
We adapt Streicher and Kohlenbach's proof of the factorization S = KD of the Shoenfield translation S in terms of Krivine's negative translation K and the Gödel functional interpretation D, obtaining a proof of the factorization U = KB of Ferreira's Shoenfield-like bounded functional interpretation U in terms of K and Ferreira and Oliva's bounded functional interpretation B.
In his paper "Undecidability without arithmetization," Andrzej Grzegorczyk introduces a theory of concatenation . We show that pairing is not definable in . We determine a reasonable extension of that is sequential, that is, has a good sequence coding.
We prove that a variant of Robinson arithmetic with nontotal operations is interpretable in the theory of concatenation introduced by A. Grzegorczyk. Since is known to be interpretable in that nontotal variant, our result gives a positive answer to the problem whether is interpretable in . An immediate consequence is essential undecidability of .