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This paper introduces sequent systems for Visser's two propositional logics: Basic Propositional Logic (BPL) and Formal Propositional Logic (FPL). It is shown through semantical completeness that the cut rule is admissible in each system. The relationships with Hilbert-style axiomatizations and with other sequent formulations are discussed. The cut-elimination theorems are also demonstrated by syntactical methods.
We study the non-wellfounded sets as fixed points of substitution. For example, we show that ZFA implies that every function has a fixed point. As a corollary we determine for which functions f there is a function g such that $ g = g \star f$. We also present a classification of non-wellfounded sets according to their branching structure.
We show that the Axiom of Foundation, as well as the Antifoundation Axiom AFA, plays a crucial role in determining the decidability of the following problem. Given a first-order theory T over the language $ =,\in$, and a sentence F of the form $ \forall x_1, \ldots, x_n \exists y F^M$ with $ F^M$ quantifier-free in the same language, are there models of T in which F is true? Furthermore we show that the Extensionality Axiom is quite irrelevant in that respect.