Let Γ be a nonelementary Kleinian group and be a finitely generated, proper subgroup. We prove that if Γ has finite covolume, then the profinite completions of H and Γ are not isomorphic. If H has finite index in Γ, then there is a finite group onto which H maps but Γ does not. These results streamline the existing proofs that there exist full-sized groups that are profinitely rigid in the absolute sense. They build on a circle of ideas that can be used to distinguish among the profinite completions of subgroups of finite index in other contexts, for example, limit groups. We construct new examples of profinitely rigid groups, including the fundamental group of the hyperbolic 3-manifold and that of the 4-fold cyclic branched cover of the figure-eight knot. We also prove that if a lattice in is profinitely rigid, then so is its normalizer in .
Dedicated to Gopal Prasad on the occasion of his 75th birthday
"Profinite Rigidity, Kleinian Groups, and the Cofinite Hopf Property." Michigan Math. J. 72 25 - 49, August 2022. https://doi.org/10.1307/mmj/20217218