This paper is concerned with supersolutions to parabolic equations with space-dependent diffusion coefficients. Given the behavior of the diffusion coefficient with polynomial order at spatial infinity, a family of supersolutions with slowly decaying property at spatial infinity is provided. As a first application, weighted $L^2$ type decay estimates for the initial-boundary value problem of the parabolic equation are proved. The second application is the study of the exterior problem of wave equations with space-dependent damping terms. By using supersolution provided above, energy estimates with polynomial weight and diffusion phenomena are shown. There is a slight improvement compared to the previous work about the assumption of the initial data.
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP18K134450, JP16K17625, JP18H01132.
"Supersolutions for parabolic equations with unbounded or degenerate diffusion coefficients and their applications to some classes of parabolic and hyperbolic equations." J. Math. Soc. Japan Advance Publication 1 - 38, 2021. https://doi.org/10.2969/jmsj/83928392