We show a new and unexpected application of integral equations and their systems to the problem of the unique identification of continuous probability distributions based on the knowledge of exactly one regression function of ordered statistical data. The most popular example of such data are the order statistics which are obtained by non-decreasing ordering of elements of the sample according to their magnitude. However, our considerations are conducted in the abstract setting of so-called generalized order statistics. This model includes order statistics and other interesting models of ordered random variables. We prove that the uniqueness of characterization is equivalent to the uniqueness of the solution to the appropriate system of integral equations with non-classical initial conditions. This criterion for uniqueness is then applied to give new examples of characterizations.
"On the unique characterization of continuous distributions by single regression of non-adjacent generalized order statistics." J. Integral Equations Applications 30 (4) 491 - 519, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1216/JIE-2018-30-4-491