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Spectra of suitably chosen Pisot-Vijayaraghavan numbers represent non-trivial examples of self-similar Delone point sets of finite local complexity, indispensable in quasicrystal modeling. For the case of quadratic Pisot units we characterize, dependingly on digits in the corresponding numeration systems, the spectra which are bounded distance to an average lattice. Our method stems in interpretation of the spectra in the frame of the cut-and-project method. Such structures are coded by an infinite word over a finite alphabet which enables us to exploit combinatorial notions such as balancedness, substitutions and the spectrum of associated incidence matrices.
In this article, we revisit some results published by several mathematicians regarding existence and non-existence of doubly connected minimal surfaces between two circles in parallel planes. In particular, we propose new analytical interpretations and results for catenoidal solutions formed between two coaxial circles in parallel planes of arbitrary radii. We conclude by discussing the nature of the pair of the catenoidal solutions that arise from our proposed algorithm.
General classes of non-linear sigma models originating from a specified action are developed and studied. Models can be grouped and considered within a single mathematical structure this way. The geometrical properties of these models and the theories they describe are developed in detail. The zero curvature representation of the equations of motion are found. Those representations which have a spectral parameter are of importance here. Some new models with Lax pairs which depend on a spectral parameter are found. Some particular classes of solutions are worked out and discussed.
Further corrections to the analytic theory of the lunar motion deduced from the first-order approximation to the Lagrange equations of the Sun-Earth-Moon system expressed in relative coordinates and accelerations are evaluated. Those terms arising from the second-order approximation, the planetary perturbations and Earth’s spheroidal shape are calculated and bounded, all of them being very small. Finally, Earth’s gravitational parameter is calculated from gravity data finding a value slightly higher than that provided by Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
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