Deciding the presence of the weak Lefschetz property often is a challenging problem. Continuing studies of Brenner and Kaid (2007), Cook II and Nagel (2011) and Migliore, Miró-Roig, Murai and Nagel (2013) we carry out an in-depth study of Artinian monomial ideals with four generators in three variables. We use a connection to lozenge tilings to describe semistability of the syzygy bundle of such an ideal, to determine its generic splitting type, and to decide the presence of the weak Lefschetz property. We provide results in both characteristic zero and positive characteristic.
"Syzygy bundles and the weak Lefschetz property of monomial almost complete intersections." J. Commut. Algebra 13 (2) 157 - 178, Summer 2021. https://doi.org/10.1216/jca.2021.13.157