We introduce and analyze a random tree model associated to Hoppe's urn. The tree is built successively by adding nodes to the existing tree when starting with the single root node. In each step a node is added to the tree as a child of an existing node, where these parent nodes are chosen randomly with probabilities proportional to their weights. The root node has weight ϑ>0, a given fixed parameter, all other nodes have weight 1. This resembles the stochastic dynamic of Hoppe's urn. For ϑ=1, the resulting tree is the well-studied random recursive tree. We analyze the height, internal path length, and number of leaves of the Hoppe tree with n nodes as well as the depth of the last inserted node asymptotically as n→∞. Mainly expectations, variances, and asymptotic distributions of these parameters are derived.
Kevin Leckey. Ralph Neininger. "Asymptotic analysis of Hoppe trees." J. Appl. Probab. 50 (1) 228 - 238, March 2013. https://doi.org/10.1239/jap/1363784435