2021 HIV/AIDS-Pneumonia Coinfection Model with Treatment at Each Infection Stage: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Simulation
Shewafera Wondimagegnhu Teklu, Temesgen Tibebu Mekonnen
J. Appl. Math. 2021: 1-21 (2021). DOI: 10.1155/2021/5444605

## Abstract

In the paper, we have considered a nonlinear compartmental mathematical model that assesses the effect of treatment on the dynamics of HIV/AIDS and pneumonia coinfection in a human population at different infection stages. Our model revealed that the disease-free equilibrium points of the HIV/AIDS and pneumonia submodels are both locally and globally asymptotically stable whenever the associated basic reproduction numbers ( ${\mathcal R}_{H}$ and ${\mathcal R}_{P}$) are less than unity. Both the submodel endemic equilibrium points are locally and globally asymptotically stable whenever the associated basic reproduction numbers ( ${\mathcal R}_{P}$ and ${\mathcal R}_{H}$) are greater than unity. The full HIV/AIDS-pneumonia coinfection model has both locally and globally asymptotically stable disease-free equilibrium points whenever the basic reproduction number of the coinfection model $\left({R}_{HP}\right)$ is less than unity. Using standard values of parameters collected from different kinds of literature, we found that the numerical values of the basic reproduction numbers of the HIV/AIDS-only submodel and pneumonia-only submodel are 17 and 7, respectively, and the basic reproduction number of the HIV/AIDS-pneumonia coinfection model is $\mathrm{max}\,\left\{7,17\right\}=17$. Applying sensitive analysis, we identified the most influential parameters to change the behavior of the solution of the considered coinfection dynamical system are the HIV/AIDS and pneumonia transmission rates ${\beta }_{1}$ and ${\beta }_{2}$, respectively. The coinfection model was numerically simulated to investigate the stability of the coinfection endemic equilibrium point, the impacts of transmission rates, and treatment strategies for HIV/AIDS-only, pneumonia-only, and HIV/AIDS-pneumonia coinfected individuals. Finally, we observed that numerical simulations indicate that treatment against infection at every stage lowers the rate of infection or disease prevalence.

## Citation

Shewafera Wondimagegnhu Teklu. Temesgen Tibebu Mekonnen. "HIV/AIDS-Pneumonia Coinfection Model with Treatment at Each Infection Stage: Mathematical Analysis and Numerical Simulation." J. Appl. Math. 2021 1 - 21, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/5444605

## Information

Received: 13 July 2021; Accepted: 23 August 2021; Published: 2021
First available in Project Euclid: 28 July 2021

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1155/2021/5444605