2021 An Enhanced Method for Tail Index Estimation under Missingness
F. Ayiah-Mensah, R. Minkah, L. Asiedu, F. O. Mettle
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J. Appl. Math. 2021: 1-13 (2021). DOI: 10.1155/2021/3572555

Abstract

Extreme events in earthquakes, wind speed, among others are rare but may lead to catastrophic effects on humans and the environment. The primary parameter in the estimation of such rare events is the tail index which measures the tail heaviness of an underlying distribution. Since extreme events are rare, the presence of missing observations may further lead to flawed. In view of this, there is a growing effort by researchers to address this problem. However, the existing methods of estimating the tail index use only the available nonmissing data. Thus, if the missing observations are influential values, ignoring them could introduce more bias and higher mean square error (MSE) in the tail index estimation and subsequently other extreme event–estimators such as high quantiles and small exceedance probabilities. In this study, we propose imputation of the missing observations before applying some standard estimators (Hill and geometric-type) to estimate the tail index. Through a simulation study, we assess the performance of the standard estimators under the proposed data enhancement method and the existing modified estimators of the tail index. The results show that the enhanced estimators have relatively lower bias and MSE. The estimation method was illustrated with a practical dataset on wind speed with missing values. Therefore, we recommend imputation mechanism as viable for enhancing the performance of tail index estimators in the case where there is missingness.

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F. Ayiah-Mensah. R. Minkah. L. Asiedu. F. O. Mettle. "An Enhanced Method for Tail Index Estimation under Missingness." J. Appl. Math. 2021 1 - 13, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/3572555

Information

Received: 13 May 2021; Accepted: 27 June 2021; Published: 2021
First available in Project Euclid: 28 July 2021

Digital Object Identifier: 10.1155/2021/3572555

Rights: Copyright © 2021 Hindawi

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