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When the phase space of a Hamiltonian -system has an almost Kähler structure a preferred connection, called abstract mechanical connection, can be defined by declaring horizontal spaces at each point to be metric orthogonal to the tangent to the group orbit. Explicit formulas for the corresponding connection one-form are derived in terms of the momentum map, symplectic and complex structures. Such connection can play the role of the reconstruction connection (due to the work of A. Blaom), thus significantly simplifying computations of the corresponding dynamic and geometric phases for an Abelian group . These ideas are illustrated using the example of the resonant three-wave interaction. Explicit formulas for the connection one-form and the phases are given together with some new results on the symmetry reduction of the Poisson structure.
By considering the Adomian decomposition scheme, we solve a generalized Boussinesq equation. The method does not need linearization or weak nonlinearly assumptions. By using this scheme, the solutions are calculated in the form of a convergent power series with easily computable components. The decomposition series analytic solution of the problem is quickly obtained by observing the existence of the self-canceling “noise” terms where sum of components vanishes in the limit.
An American put option is a derivative financial instrument that gives its holder the right but not the obligation to sell an underlying security at a pre-determined price. American options may be exercised at any time prior to expiry at the discretion of the holder, and the decision as to whether or not to exercise leads to a free boundary problem. In this paper, we examine the behavior of the free boundary close to expiry. Working directly with the underlying PDE, by using asymptotic expansions, we are able to deduce this behavior of the boundary in this limit.