Due to its fractal nature, much about the area of the Mandelbrot set remains to be understood. While a series formula has been derived by Ewing and Schober (1992) to calculate the area of by considering its complement inside the Riemann sphere, to date the exact value of this area remains unknown. This paper presents new improved upper bounds for the area based on a parallel computing algorithm and for the 2-adic valuation of the series coefficients in terms of the sum-of-digits function.
"New approximations for the area of the Mandelbrot set." Involve 10 (4) 555 - 572, 2017. https://doi.org/10.2140/involve.2017.10.555