August 2003 Statistical Regularity and Free Will:\\ L.A.J. Quetelet and P.A. Nekrasov
Eugene Seneta
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Internat. Statist. Rev. 71(2): 319-334 (August 2003).


In the 19th century, causes of empirically observed stability of averages in settings relating to human behaviour were a topic of intense discussion in western Europe. This followed an extensive study of empirical stability by the founder of modern statistics (and of the International Statistical Institute) L.A.J. Quetelet, published in 1835, in what he called "Social Physics''. The eminent mathematician of strong probabilistic and philosophical inclination and Russian Orthodox religious belief, P.A. Nekrasov, took up and modified Quetelet's Social Physics in 1902, with (social) independence seen as prime cause of statistical regularity. Our paper focuses on the role free will plays in the statistical writings of Quetelet and of Nekrasov. The work of the latter has remained little known in general, mainly for politico-ideological reasons.


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Eugene Seneta. "Statistical Regularity and Free Will:\\ L.A.J. Quetelet and P.A. Nekrasov." Internat. Statist. Rev. 71 (2) 319 - 334, August 2003.


Published: August 2003
First available in Project Euclid: 18 November 2003

zbMATH: 1114.62302

Keywords: Cause , Free will , Moscow Mathematical School , Social Physics , Statistical independence and dependence , Statistical regularity , Weak law of large numbers

Rights: Copyright © 2003 International Statistical Institute


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Vol.71 • No. 2 • August 2003
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