We study the set $R$ of nonplanar rational curves of degree $d \lt q + 2$ on a smooth Hermitian surface $X$ of degree $q + 1$ defined over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p > 0$, where $q$ is a power of $p$. We prove that $R$ is the empty set when $d \lt q + 1$. In the case where $d = q + 1$, we count the number of elements of $R$ by showing that the group of projective automorphisms of $X$ acts transitively on $R$ and by determining the stabilizer subgroup. In the special case where $X$ is the Fermat surface, we present an element of $R$ explicitly.
"Rational curves on a smooth Hermitian surface." Hiroshima Math. J. 49 (1) 161 - 173, March 2019. https://doi.org/10.32917/hmj/1554516042