We study non-isotrivial families of $K3$ surfaces in positive characteristic $p$ whose geometric generic fibers satisfy $\rho \ge 21 - 2h$ and $h \ge 3$, where $\rho$ is the Picard number and $h$ is the height of the formal Brauer group. We show that, under a mild assumption on the characteristic of the base field, they have potential supersingular reduction. Our methods rely on Maulik’s results on moduli spaces of $K3$ surfaces and the construction of sections of powers of Hodge bundles due to van der Geer and Katsura. For large $p$ and each $2 \le h \le 10$, using deformation theory and Taelman’s methods, we construct non-isotrivial families of $K3$ surfaces satisfying $\rho = 22 - 2h$.
"Existence of supersingular reduction for families of $K3$ surfaces with large Picard number in positive characteristic." Hiroshima Math. J. 48 (1) 67 - 79, March 2018. https://doi.org/10.32917/hmj/1520478024