Distinguished involutions in the affine Weyl groups, defined by G. Lusztig, play an essential role in the Kazhdan-Lusztig combinatorics of these groups. A distinguished involution is called canonical if it is the shortest element in its double coset with respect to the finite Weyl group. Each two-sided cell in the affine Weyl group contains precisely one canonical distinguished involution. We calculate the canonical distinguished involutions in the affine Weyl groups of rank ≤ 7. We also prove some partial results relating canonical distinguished involutions and Dynkin's diagrams of the nilpotent orbits in the Langlands dual group.
"Calculating Canonical Distinguished Involutions in the Affine Weyl Groups." Experiment. Math. 11 (1) 99 - 117, 2002.