In  a functional limit theorem was proved. It states that symmetric processes associated with resistance metric measure spaces converge when the underlying spaces converge with respect to the Gromov-Hausdorff-vague topology, and a certain uniform recurrence condition is satisfied. Such a theorem finds particularly nice applications if the resistance metric measure space is a metric measure tree. To illustrate this, we state functional limit theorems in old and new examples of suitably rescaled random walks in random environment on trees.
First, we take a critical Galton-Watson tree conditioned on its total progeny and a non-lattice branching random walk on indexed by it. Then, conditional on that, we consider a biased random walk on the range of the preceding. Here, by non-lattice we mean that distinct branches of the tree do not intersect once mapped in . This excludes the possibility that the random walk on the range may jump from one branch to the other without returning to the most recent common ancestor. We prove, after introducing the bias parameter , for some , that the biased random walk on the range of a large critical non-lattice branching random walk converges to a Brownian motion in a random Gaussian potential on Aldous’ continuum random tree (CRT).
Our second new result introduces the scaling limit of the edge-reinforced random walk on a size-conditioned Galton-Watson tree with finite variance as a Brownian motion in a random Gaussian potential on the CRT with a drift proportional to the distance to the root.
I would like to thank my supervisor Dr David Croydon for suggesting the problem, his support and many useful discussions.
"Invariance principles for random walks in random environment on trees." Electron. J. Probab. 26 1 - 38, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/21-EJP687