Consider an infinite graph with nodes initially labeled by independent Bernoullirandom variables of parameter $p$. We address the density classification problem, that is, we want to design a (probabilistic or deterministic) cellular automaton or a finite-range interacting particle system that evolves on this graph and decides whether $p$ is smaller or larger than $1/2$. Precisely, the trajectories should converge to the uniform configuration with only $0$'s if $p<1/2$, and only $1$'s if $p>1/2$. We present solutions to the problem on the regular grids of dimension $d$, for any $d>1$, and on the regular infinite trees. For the bi-infinite line, we propose some candidates that we back up with numerical simulations.
"Density classification on infinite lattices and trees." Electron. J. Probab. 18 1 - 22, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1214/EJP.v18-2325