We study the possibility for branching random walks in random environment (BRWRE) to survive. The particles perform simple symmetric random walks on the $d$-dimensional integer lattice, while at each time unit, they split into independent copies according to time-space i.i.d. offspring distributions. As noted by Comets and Yoshida, the BRWRE is naturally associated with the directed polymers in random environment (DPRE), for which the quantity $\Psi$ called the free energy is well studied. Comets and Yoshida proved that there is no survival when $\Psi<0$ and that survival is possible when $\Psi>0$. We proved here that, except for degenerate cases, the BRWRE always die when $\Psi=0$. This solves a conjecture of Comets and Yoshida.
"The critical branching random walk in a random environment dies out." Electron. Commun. Probab. 18 1 - 15, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1214/ECP.v18-2438