In this paper we discuss the following problem: given a random variable $Z=X+Y$ with Gamma law such that $X$ and $Y$ are independent, we want to understand if then $X$ and $Y$ each follow a Gamma law. This is related to Cramer's theorem which states that if $X$ and $Y$ are independent then $Z=X+Y$ follows a Gaussian law if and only if $X$ and $Y$ follow a Gaussian law. We prove that Cramer's theorem is true in the Gamma context for random variables living in a Wiener chaos of fixed order but the result is not true in general. We also give an asymptotic variant of our result.
"Cramér theorem for Gamma random variables." Electron. Commun. Probab. 16 365 - 378, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1214/ECP.v16-1639