It has long been suggested that solutions to the linear scalar wave equation
on a fixed subextremal Reissner–Nordström spacetime with nonvanishing charge are generically singular at the Cauchy horizon. We prove that generic smooth and compactly supported initial data on a Cauchy hypersurface indeed give rise to solutions with infinite nondegenerate energy near the Cauchy horizon in the interior of the black hole. In particular, the solution generically does not belong to . This instability is related to the celebrated blue-shift effect in the interior of the black hole. The problem is motivated by the strong cosmic censorship conjecture and it is expected that for the full nonlinear Einstein–Maxwell system, this instability leads to a singular Cauchy horizon for generic small perturbations of Reissner–Nordström spacetime. Moreover, in addition to the instability result, we also show as a consequence of the proof that Price’s law decay is generically sharp along the event horizon.
"Proof of linear instability of the Reissner–Nordström Cauchy horizon under scalar perturbations." Duke Math. J. 166 (3) 437 - 493, 15 February 2017. https://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-3715189