Starting from the quantitative stability result of Bianchi and Egnell for the -Sobolev inequality, we deduce several different stability results for a Gagliardo–Nirenberg–Sobolev (GNS) inequality in the plane. Then, exploiting the connection between this inequality and a fast diffusion equation, we get stability for the logarithmic Hardy–Littlewood–Sobolev (Log-HLS) inequality. Finally, using all these estimates, we prove a quantitative convergence result for the critical mass Keller–Segel system.
"Stability for a GNS inequality and the Log-HLS inequality, with application to the critical mass Keller–Segel equation." Duke Math. J. 162 (3) 579 - 625, 15 February 2013. https://doi.org/10.1215/00127094-2019931