We examine a model equation describing spatial patterns in a class of physical systems where instabilities to travelling waves occur. The spatial patterns are modelled by a system of two second order ordinary differential equations, in which the cross-coupling coefficient is spatially dependent. The system has two clearly distinct types of stationary states, of which the stability depends on the cross-coupling coefficient. Under mild assumptions on the cross-coupling coefficient, we apply a variational method to prove the existence of a heteroclinic orbit between both types of states, corresponding to a domain-wall in the physical picture. This solution is found as a minimizer of a Lyapunov functional and the variational structure is exploited to obtain detailed information about the shape of the solution. In the case of a constant cross-coupling coefficient we find heteroclinic solutions connecting stationary states of the same type.
"A domain-wall between single-mode and bimodal states." Differential Integral Equations 13 (1-3) 369 - 400, 2000. https://doi.org/10.57262/die/1356124304