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1999 Steady state solutions for balanced reaction diffusion systems on heterogeneous domains
W. E. Fitzgibbon, S. L. Hollis, J. J. Morgan
Differential Integral Equations 12(5): 637-660 (1999).


We consider a class of semilinear diffractive-diffusion systems of the form $$ \begin{cases} -d_{A_{i}}\Delta u_i = f_{A_{i}}(u) & x\in A \\ -d_{B_{i}}\Delta \tilde u_i = f_{B_{i}}(\tilde u) &x\in B \\ u_i=\tilde u_i & \hbox{on } \partial A \\ d_{A_{i}} { \partial u_i\over \partial\eta_A} = d_{B_{i}} { \partial \tilde u_i \over \partial \eta _A}& \hbox{on } \partial A \\ \tilde u_i = g_i& \hbox{on } \partial B\backslash \partial A \end{cases} \tag{P} $$ where $A$ and $B$ are smooth bounded domains in $\Re^n$ such that there exists a smooth bounded domain $\Omega\subseteq \Re^n$ so that $A$ is a strict subdomain of $\Omega$ and $\bar A\cup B =\Omega$. We assume that $d_{A_{i}}$, $d_{B_{i}}>0$, each $g_i$ is nonnegative and smooth, and $f_A = (f_{A_{i}})$ and $f_B=(f_{B_{i}})$ are locally Lipschitz vector fields which are quasi-positive, nearly balanced, and polynomial bounded. We prove that these conditions guarantee the existence of a nonnegative solution of (P) for the case of $n=2$. In addition, for the case of $n=3$, we show that nonnegative solutions of (P) exist provided that $f_A$, $f_B$ satisfy a quadratic intermediate sum property. In particular, our results imply that, for space dimensions $n=2,3$, if (P) arises from standard balanced quadratic mass action kinetics, then nonnegative solutions of (P) are guaranteed. We apply our results to two multicomponent chemical models.


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W. E. Fitzgibbon. S. L. Hollis. J. J. Morgan. "Steady state solutions for balanced reaction diffusion systems on heterogeneous domains." Differential Integral Equations 12 (5) 637 - 660, 1999.


Published: 1999
First available in Project Euclid: 29 April 2013

zbMATH: 1064.35514
MathSciNet: MR1697249

Primary: 35K57
Secondary: 35B45, 35J55, 35R05

Rights: Copyright © 1999 Khayyam Publishing, Inc.


Vol.12 • No. 5 • 1999
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