Systems of equations of Vlasov-Fokker-Planck type are suggested for multilane traffic flow. The equations include nonlocal and time-delayed braking and acceleration terms with rates depending on the densities and relative speeds. The braking terms include lane-change probabilities. It is shown that simple natural assumptions on the structure of these probabilities lead to multivalued fundamental diagrams, consistent with traffic observations. Lane-changing behavior is the critical ingredient in such bifunctions.
"Vlasov-Fokker-Plank Models for Multilane Traffic Flow." Commun. Math. Sci. 1 (1) 1 - 12, March 2003.