For modelling unbounded count data, Poisson distribution is a natural choice. However, count data arising in various fields of scientific research are often under-reported. In such situations, inference carried out on the basis of Poisson model will result in biased parameter estimates and suboptimal tests. A modified Poisson model is developed to accommodate the possible undercount. For model-identifiability a double sampling scheme of data collection has been adopted. The focus of this paper is to develop asymptotically optimal tests for the Poisson mean in presence of undercount. Simulation study is conducted to compare the performance of the tests with respect to level and power and also to investigate the impact of ignoring undercount on each of the tests. The findings are validated using real life data.
The authors are thankful to the reviewers for their thoughtful comments which improved the clarity of the manuscript.
"Testing of Poisson mean with under-reported counts." Braz. J. Probab. Stat. 35 (3) 523 - 543, August 2021. https://doi.org/10.1214/20-BJPS493