We address the issue of performing testing inference in small samples in the class of beta regression models. We consider the likelihood ratio test and its standard bootstrap version. We also consider two alternative resampling-based tests. One of them uses the bootstrap test statistic replicates to numerically estimate a Bartlett correction factor that can be applied to the likelihood ratio test statistic. By doing so, we avoid estimation of quantities located in the tail of the likelihood ratio test statistic null distribution. The second alternative resampling-based test uses a fast double bootstrap scheme in which a single second level bootstrapping resample is performed for each first level bootstrap replication. It delivers accurate testing inferences at a computational cost that is considerably smaller than that of a standard double bootstrapping scheme. The Monte Carlo results we provide show that the standard likelihood ratio test tends to be quite liberal in small samples. They also show that the bootstrap tests deliver accurate testing inferences even when the sample size is quite small. An empirical application is also presented and discussed.
"Bootstrap-based testing inference in beta regressions." Braz. J. Probab. Stat. 34 (1) 18 - 34, February 2020. https://doi.org/10.1214/18-BJPS412