We investigate the inference of the copula parameter in the semiparametric Gaussian copula model when the copula component, subject to the influence of a covariate, is only indirectly observed as the response in a linear regression model. We consider estimators based on residual ranks instead of the usual but unobservable oracle ranks. We first study two such estimators for the copula correlation matrix, one via inversion of Spearman’s rho and the other via normal scores rank correlation estimator. We show that these estimators are asymptotically equivalent to their counterparts based on the oracle ranks. Then, for the copula correlation matrix under constrained parametrizations, we show that the classical one-step estimator in conjunction with the residual ranks remains semiparametrically efficient for estimating the copula parameter. The accuracy of the estimators based on residual ranks is confirmed by simulation studies.
"Inference for semiparametric Gaussian copula model adjusted for linear regression using residual ranks." Bernoulli 26 (4) 2815 - 2846, November 2020. https://doi.org/10.3150/20-BEJ1208